Challenging weather hit upstate New York hard in the summer of 2016. Extreme heat, coupled with one of the worst droughts in recorded history, brought many impacted producers to Farm Service Agency for disaster assistance, including owners of Sanford’s Bait Farm in Wolcott. Stephen Sanford has farmed fish for over 30 years. One of his main “crops” is walleyed pike, a member of the perch family. Walleye fishing is a popular hobby in upstate New York. The fish are flakey, firm with few bones and sought after by many upstate New York restaurants. Sanford starts his walleye production with growing the fry, a recently hatched fish, in ponds. The fish grow until they are about 3 to 5 inches long and develop stripes on their back, signifying the fish are large enough to sell to stock lakes, rivers and reservoirs around New York. These fish will grow to over 30 inches long. Walleye prefer cool waters, so most of Sanford’s fish died in the summer of 2016 due to excessive heat. The fish couldn’t find cool enough water to survive. With no crop to sell and bills coming in, Sanford didn’t know how to keep his farm going. He turned to his local FSA county office, and learned his walleye fish losses were eligible for the Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees and Farm-raised Fish Program. This program provides emergency assistance to eligible producers of farm-raised fish, livestock and honeybees, and covers losses due to an eligible adverse weather or loss condition, including excessive heat. “Mr. Sanford had not participated with FSA before the disaster,” said Denise Buisch, a Wayne County FSA program technician. “He has farmed for more than 30 years and has never lost virtually all his fish, until the summer of 2016.” In the summer of 2017, Sanford was back in business and doing what he loves — sorting walleye in his ponds. “I wouldn’t have been able to keep farming without the Farm Service Agency and the ELAP payment we received. I was out of options,” he said. “I’ve worked hard all of my life, and we’ve never had a year as bad as that. We lost so much money, I don’t know what we would have done without FSA.” Visit or for information.